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- A -

  • Astrocytoma

  • A glioma that arises most frequently in the cerebrum of adults. Arises in the brain stem, cerebrum, and cerebellum of children. Astrocytomas can be classified as low-grade well-differentiated, anaplastic, pilocytic, and glioblastoma multiforme.

- B -

  • Brainstem glioma

  • Occurs in the lowest portion of brain.

- C -

  • Chordoma

  • Spinal cord tumor that develops from remnants of early fetal spine-like structure, which is later replaced by the spinal cord.

  • Craniopharyngioma

  • Occurs near hypothalamus, in the pituitary gland region. Usually benign, but can be considered malignant because of potential damage to the hypothalamus from pressure, affecting vital functions.

- E -

  • Ependymoma

  • Commonly develops in the lining of the ventricles; can also develop in spinal cord.

- G -

  • Ganglioneuroma

  • Occurs in the brain or spinal cord.

  • Germ cell tumor

  • Arises from developing sex cells.

  • Glioblastoma multiforme

  • Also called grade 4 astrocytoma; originates in glial cells.

- H -

  • Hemangioblastoma

  • Arises from blood vessels of the brain and spinal cord.

- M -

  • Medulloblastoma

  • Usually develops in the cerebellum, but may occur in other areas as well.

  • Meningioma

  • Develops in the medulla and can spread to the spine or to other parts of the body.

  • Mixed oligoastrocytoma

  • Comprised of oligodendrocytes and astrocytes; originates in glial cells.

- O -

  • Oligodendroglioma

  • Usually arises in the cerebrum; fewer than 10% are malignant.

  • Optic nerve glioma

  • Occurs on or near the nerves that travel between the eye and brain vision centers.

- P -

  • Pineal region tumor

  • Occurs in the pineal gland region.

  • Pituitary adenoma

  • Occurs in the pituitary gland, generally arising in adenohypophysis.

- S -

  • Schwannoma

  • May originate from a peripheral or sympathetic nerve, or from various cranial nerves, particularly the eighth nerve.

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Tumors - Neuro

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